- (1450–1485)In 1483, when RICHARD III’s usurpation of his nephew’s throne revived dynastic conflict and political instability, William Catesby served as one of Richard’s closest advisors and confidants.One of the few southern members of the king’s inner circle, Catesby was born into an obscure Northamptonshire GENTRY family and trained as a lawyer.A councilor of William HASTINGS, Lord Hastings, who later acquired some of Hastings’s offices, Catesby’s rapid rise to power and influence under Richard III led to later charges that he had connived at Hastings’s death in 1483. In his HISTORY OF KING RICHARD III, Sir Thomas More suggested that Catesby sounded out Hastings about Richard’s decision to claim the throne, and that his unfavorable report of Hastings’s response led to Hastings’s summary execution. After Richard’s accession, Catesby was appointed chancellor of the Exchequer and chancellor of the earldom of March. He was also made a squire of the body (i.e., a close personal servant of the king) and was given lands worth more than £300 a year, an income that made Catesby wealthier than many knights and brought him much unpopularity as an undeserving parvenu. He was sent on embassy to SCOTLAND in September 1484 and to BRITTANY in February 1485. Catesby served as Speaker of the PARLIAMENT of 1484, in which he sat as member for Northamptonshire. His speakership indicated the position of trust he held with the king, for it was unusual for a member to be Speaker in his first Parliament. Along with Sir Richard RATCLIFFE and Francis LOVELL, Lord Lovell, Catesby became widely known as a member of Richard’s inner circle of advisors. A popular satirical couplet of the time declared that “The cat [Catesby], the rat [Ratcliffe], and Lovell our dog [Lovell’s emblem], / Rule all England under a hog [referring to Richard III’s white boar emblem].” In March 1485, Catesby and Ratcliffe were said to have opposed Richard’s plan to wed his niece, ELIZABETH OF YORK. Catesby was taken prisoner at the Battle of BOSWORTH FIELD on 22 August 1485 and executed three days later at Leicester.See also Richard III, Northern Affinity ofFurther Reading: Horrox, Rosemary, Richard III: A Study in Service (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991); Roskell, John S., William Catesby, Counselor to Richard III (Manchester: John Rylands Library, 1959) [reprinted from the Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, vol. 42, no. 1, September, 1959]; Ross, Charles, Richard III (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981); “William Catesby,” in Michael Hicks, Who’s Who in Late Medieval England (London: ShepheardWalwyn, 1991), pp. 366–369.
Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. John A.Wagner. 2001.
Look at other dictionaries:
William Catesby — of Ashby St Ledgers (1450 1485) was one of Richard III of England s principal councilors. He also served as Chancellor of the Exchequer and Speaker of the House of Commons during Richard s reign. Catesby was an aspiring lawyer who rose initially… … Wikipedia
Catesby — may refer to:;Placenames *Catesby, Northamptonshire, England **which includes Lower Catesby and Upper Catesby *Catesby, Oklahoma, USA;People *Catesby ap Roger Jones, 1821 1877, US Civil War naval commander*Mark Catesby, 1683 1749, English… … Wikipedia
William Sherard — (* 27. Februar 1659; † 11. August 1728) war ein englischer Botaniker. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „Sherard“. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Ehrentaxon 3 Einzelnac … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Sherard — (27 February 1659 11 August 1728) was an English botanist. Next to John Ray, he was considered to be one of the outstanding English botanists of his day. He is still a little known figure of that era coming as he did from humble origins. However … Wikipedia
William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle — William Parker, 1st or 5th Baron Monteagle and 11th Baron Morley (1575 July 1, 1622), was the eldest son of Edward Parker, 10th Baron Morley (d. 1618), and of Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of William Stanley, 3rd Baron Monteagle (d. 1581).When… … Wikipedia
Catesby, Robert — ▪ English conspirator born 1573, Lapworth, Warwickshire, Eng. died Nov. 8, 1605, Holbeche House, Staffordshire chief instigator of the Gunpowder Plot, a Roman Catholic conspiracy to blow up King James I and the English Parliament on Nov. 5 … Universalium
Catesby ap Roger Jones — Infobox Person name=Catesby ap Roger Jones caption= birth date=birth date|1821|4|15|mf=y birth place=Fairfield, Virginia, U.S. dead=dead death date=death date and age|1877|6|20|1821|4|15|mf=y death place=Selma, Alabama, U.S.Catesby ap Roger Jones … Wikipedia
William Ewart Gladstone — The Right Honourable William Ewart Gladstone FRS FSS Prime Minister of the United Kingdom … Wikipedia
William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield — For descendants of the first Lord Mansfield, see Earl of Mansfield and Mansfield. The Right Honourable The Earl of Mansfield SL … Wikipedia
William Paget, 1st Baron Paget — Infobox Person name = William Paget image size = 220px caption = Painting of William Paget, attributed to Master of the Stätthalterin Madonna birth date = 1506 birth place = Wednesday, Staffordshire death date = June 9, 1563 death place =… … Wikipedia